Following is the first of a two part series on real estate trends for the Puerto Vallarta and Riviera Nayarit markets, which will be featured in the summer issue of Vallarta Lifestyles.
Last year when compiling our annual real estate trends article, we saw the year as a turning point in the market, that the bottom of the cycle seemed to have been reached and it should begin to swing upwards as we moved into 2011. This seems to have been proven to be true, at least for the re-sale market. The number of sales have increased and the number of listings on the market reduced. For new product or development properties, they still seem to be working through this. But that’s natural after a downturn cycle in the market – recovery is led first by the re-sale market and then followed by new product as developers start building again.
Most realtors we talked to believe we are over the worst but it’s going to be a slow recovery continuing well into next year. The Vallarta multiple listing service, Multi-List Vallarta, seems to confirm this with average inventory levels dropping slightly 1,100 to 1,000 re-sale property listings this past season, with new property inventory (development projects) dropping slightly as well.
Below are trends we see currently taking place with regards to the local real estate market.
Its all about “Price Point”
This is the trend I hear most often when talking to realtors about the local real estate market, its no longer about price per square foot or square meter as was the custom in years past. Today, buyers have a price in mind of what they can afford or a limit to what they are willing to invest and they want to see what’s available at that price point. If they wanted two bedrooms but there’s only one-bedroom units available at that price, that’s what they’ll look at – just don’t try and get them to move out of their price comfort zone.
This has led, coincidentally, to one-bedroom condominiums becoming popular once again. You couldn’t give them away in 2007. Back then buyers wanted an extra bedroom or two for friends to visit, TV room or an office, and were willing to pay for it. Developers stopped including one bedrooms in their inventory or drastically cut back and instead started building three bedroom units. But no longer. They are popular once again as they meet the price comfort level for many. The most popular price range in 2010 was between $100,000 to $200,000. That not something a developer can provide, except with one bedroom units.
The same goes for maintenance or carrying costs for the property. Buyers also have a number in mind with what they can afford to pay monthly for the condominiums. And with one-bedrooms about 60% the size of two-bedroom unit, that means maintenance fees are 40% less. Another very good reason to consider a one-bedroom unit.
It continues to be a buyer’s market, especially the higher up you go in pricing. For the lower end of the market, realtors report that prices have seemed to stabilize, especially below $400,000. The average difference between original list price and selling price has been 15%. Above that, its not so much that prices are dropping but that there is a lack of interest in this price range. The first quarter of this year saw quite a bit of activity in the million-dollar range, but with properties that were originally listed quite higher and have sold for discounts from 35% to 50%. And for properties above $1.5 million there has been very little activity. For the estate properties, listed over $2.5 million, a few have sold but for basically half of the once original asking price. The market is adjusting and that is healthy. Traditionally, during market downturns, Vallarta has not seen major drops in pricing. This primarily because its still a cash market; there is not a lot of financing, which means there little to no foreclosures.
Before we can expect any significant change in the market, uncertainty must decrease, especially with regards to the USA. Americans were the primary buyers of tourism real estate in Vallarta for years, ahead of Canadians and Mexicans. But that trend has been reversed. Americans are still uncertain about the strength and direction of their economy, the value of their homes and whether they have saved enough for retirement. Although the US stock market has recovered, US real estate has not. As we mentioned last year, this uncertainty is reflected in the local real estate market not only by a drop in the number of people looking at real estate but also by the fact that those who are looking are not rushing into anything or making quick decisions. They realize that properties are not selling briskly and they have time to look around to ensure they get what they want. In years past, people typically viewed 7 to 10 properties before they were ready to make an offer. Today, it’s 25 to 35 properties. As one broker put it, there’s a lot of “hand holding” as clients are taken through the purchasing process, much more than in previous years. If not, the deal can go sideways.
Sellers more Realistic
Its been three years since the market first began to slow down and it seems sellers now realize the market is not going to bounce back as quickly as they would like. So for those that need or want to sell, they’ve become a lot more realistic with their listing price. As one realtor put it, its gone from “How high can you price it?” (2003-2007) to “How low can you get it?” As mentioned above, the market has firmed up in the lower end, but its difficult to determine if a bottom has been reached for higher-end properties because of a lack of demand.
Whenever a real estate market slows down, or is on the downward side of a cycle, the region experiences a lull in development along with those things related to it. Road ways are no longer actively trafficked by large flatbed, container or dump trucks dispersing dust everywhere and creating heavy wear and tear on the road system. Utility services no longer are overly stressed. For most of the past decade Vallarta seemed to be in a continual state of construction development–it never stopped. It was like living in a never-ending construction job site.
When there’s this much development taking place the government has a difficult time keeping up with it and providing proper infrastructure. Well, they have plenty of time to catch up now, and that’s exactly what they are doing.
Although the Vallarta municipality certainly doesn’t have much in the way of financial resources, the mayor seems to have done a good job obtaining funds on the state and federal levels to undertake major city works.
Currently the Malecon is being extensively renovated, funding has been found to renovate at least half of the South Shore highway along with a badly needed sidewalk, the main tunnel of the Libramiento is being widened to provide four-lane traffic and the highway out to Punta Mita is being redirected, straightened and widened between La Cruz and Pontoquitos. There’s also a number of smaller projects going on all around bay. In downtown Puerto Vallarta a number of new viewpoints have been renovated on the hillside behind the town, along with sidewalks being rebuilt in a charming manner. This is all good. When the market cycle turns back up, Banderas Bay will be ready.
Developers: Get it or Lose it
The market is particularly difficult for developers right now. They benefited heavily during the boom years but now many find themselves with product that is not what people may be looking for, developed at costs that makes it hard for them to adjust and be competitive. They find themselves competing with the re-sale market (which is seeing good activity) and in some cases, competing with re-sales in their own projects.
Today, developers are carefully reconsidering the make-up of their inventory offering. As mentioned previously, less three bedroom units (if any) and more one-bedroom units. Amenities, which were what helped draw in many buyers (gymnasiums, restaurants, oversize pools, concierge service) are now looked upon as negatives; buyers are looking at what the cost is to the HOA cost to provide these types of amenities and saying its too much, they don’t need it. The indulgences of earlier days that created lineups of interested buyers are now scaring some away.
There currently isn’t much new development taking place. Existing developers who have phased in their projects are scaling back the size of units and reducing the number of bedrooms for future phases. Where in the past there were developments with upwards of 100 units with only three bedroom units, you can now find projects with mostly one-bedroom units or seriously downsized two bedroom units. New projects that are coming online tend to be smaller in overall size, along with the units themselves and limited amenities, to be price competitive. Remember, its all about Price Points now.
Long-Term Developers Positive
Although there has been little or no new development taking place in the region, there continues to be interest from long-term development companies, who usually are looking 5 to 10 years down the line, in accumulating large parcels of land for mega-developments for the near future. For the first time in some time we have large development/investment companies making offers on large tracts of land suitable for real estate/tourism development. They are confident the market will come back, and when it does, they will be ready to take advantage of it.
The Truth about Inventories
We recently contacted every development we could that was open for business and came up with 136 projects. Of these 136 projects, we calculated they have about 2,300 units actively listed for sale. This is down from a high of 7,200 in 2007. However, what needs to be taken into consideration is a “Shadow” market that exists of dormant inventory. Since 2008 many developments have scaled back the size of their project, some cancelled, but many decided to only release product in phases. A good example would be Alamar. We originally included that this project had over 600 units for the market. However, they only released for three towers, and eventually even put the third tower on hold. This reduced the number of units they have on the market but this doesn’t mean this product will not be released sometime in the future. There are still around 500 units that at some point Alamar will decide to introduceto the market.
We calculate there are about 2,500 of shadow, dormant units on the sidelines. Fortunately they do not directly affect our market at this time, but any new developer considering starting up a new project in the region should be aware of this inventory. As much of it hasn’t been constructed yet, but the land most likely has been paid for, they have the flexibility of introducing product that is more relevant to today’s market, such as smaller units with less amenities, at perhaps a better price.
In 2007, 53 new projects came onto the market providing a total inventory of 5,400 units. In 2009 only eight new project entered the market with just 200 units. In 2010 there were nine new project providing over 400 units.